Śrī Kṛṣṇa-janmāṣṭamī

Śrī Kṛṣṇa-janmāṣṭamī 2017 : will be celebrated on 15th August 2017 .
Midnight Puja Time on Janmashtami 2017 = 24:44 to 25:18 (12:44AM to 1:18AM), Midnight time = 25:01 (1:01 AM)
Parana Time next day after sunrise.

Śrī kṛṣṇa-janmāṣṭamī-vrata is a Nitya-Vrata which is to be done by all. All Vaishnavas must observe Śrī kṛṣṇa- janmāṣṭamī-vrata.


(Heartiest Greetings of the appearance day of Bhagavan Shri Krishna)


One should know Bhagavan, tattvatah. how?

जन्म कर्म च मे दिव्यं यो वेत्ति तत्त्वतः।
त्यक्त्वा देहं पुनर्जन्म नैति मामेति सोऽर्जुन॥
(गीता ४.९)

janma karma ca mē divyaṃ yō vētti tattvataḥ
tyaktvā dēhaṃ punarjanma naiti māmēti sō'rjuna
(Gītā 4.9)

“'The birth (appearance) and leela (pastimes) - all these of mine (Bhagavan) are divine, transcendental in nature' whoever knows me Tattvatah (all these reality) He doesn't take rebirth again in the material world after leaving the body, but attains me (Bhagavan), Oh' Arjuna !.”

The Leelas and appearance of Bhagavan Shri Rama, Shri Krishna are all divine.


(Bhagavan appeared from the heart of mother devaki)

निशीथे तमउद्भूते जायमाने जनार्दने ।
देवक्यां देवरूपिण्यां विष्णुः सर्वगुहाशयः ॥
आविरासीद्यथा प्राच्यां दिशीन्दुरिव पुष्कलः ॥
(श्रीमद्भागवतम् १०.३.८)

niśīthe tamaudbhūte jāyamāne janārdane
devakyāṃ devarūpiṇyāṃ viṣṇuḥ sarvaguhāśayaḥ
āvirāsīdyathā prācyāṃ diśīnduriva puṣkalaḥ
(Śrīmadbhāgavatam 10.3.8)

“At midnight, when the darkness tormenting the people was thickening, Lord Viṣṇu, the Indweller of the hearts of all, manifested himself in his own divine form, like the full moon rising in the Eastern horizon, from the heart of Devakī who was like unto a goddess.”

Therefore to make Bhagavan appear in our life, we have to keep him very dearly in our heart like mother Devaki, and thereafter he appears from our heart.

Before appearance Bhagavan entered in the mind (mana) of Vasudeva, and ...

ततो जगन्मङ्गलमच्युतांशं समाहितं शूरसुतेन देवी।
दधार सर्वात्मकमात्मभूतं काष्ठा यथाऽऽनन्दकरं मनस्तः॥
(श्रीमद्भागवतम् १०।२।१८)

tato jagan-maṅgalam acyutāṁśaṁ
samāhitaṁ śūra-sutena devī
dadhāra sarvātmakam ātma-bhūtaṁ
kāṣṭhā yathānanda-karaṁ manastaḥ
(Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam 10/2/18)

“Thereafter that all-auspicious Bhagavan who is acyuta-aṁśaṁ (Maha-Vishnu, achyutah-vishnurev amshah sa Mahavishnu) was fully transferred (samāhitaṁ) from the mind of Vasudeva (the son of śūrasena) to the mind of Devakī. Devakī, having thus been initiated by Vasudeva, became beautiful by carrying Lord Kṛṣṇa, the supreme soul of all souls, just as the direction-east becomes beautiful by carrying the rising moon.”

Here Bhagavan was transferred from the mind or heart of Vasudeva to the core of the heart of Devaki, this is a divine process of Deeksha (initiation). It is called divine Vaidh deeksha — that deeksha (initiation) which is bestowed to disciple by doing mere Sankalp by Guru. Guru can initiate a disciple by mere his Sankalpa (will or determination) or dhyaan (contemplation) .

While explaining the word "samāhitaṁ", Śrī Sridhar Goswami in his commentary on Shrimad Bhagavatam writes "वैधदीक्षयार्पितम - vaidha-deekshāyā-arpitama" which means this divine process of Vaidh deeksha (initiation) unto a disciple by a guru.

Bhagavan Shri Krishna appeared in the darkness of the mid-night, into the locked confines of a jail. However, at the moment of his birth, all the guards fell asleep from the Maya of Bhagavan, all the chains were broken and the barred doors gently opened. What does it reflect?

When (love for) Shri Rama or Shri Krishna appears in our heart, then the great darkness in form of our negativity (ignorance) fades. The chains in form of ego, I, Me, Myself etc are broken.

Three fold leelas of Bhagavan Shri Krishna —

Bhagavan Shri Krishna has three fold leelas (1) Vrindavana leela in childhood, (2) Mathura leela and (3) Dvarika leela.

Bhagavan Shri Krishna in Vraja appeared on the 9th day, a day after Janmashtami.

In fact, in Nand-Vraja Shri Rama himself appeared as Bhagavan Shri Krishna and after doing Braj Vrindavan leela for around 10 Years Bhagavan Shri Krishna disappeared into his Nitya leela.


(The cow-herd leader Shri Krishna — the Shringari form of Bhagavan Shri Rama)

Therefore, scriptures say Shri Krishna is none but Shringari (especially adorned) form of Bhagavan Shri Rama as the love god. Shri Rama is called by the name ‘Krishna’ in Valmiki Ramayana as well as in Bhagavatam also and various other scriptures Samhitas. Therefore, one should understand that all the leelas of Bhagavan Shri Krishna in Vrindavana is the leela of Bhagavan Shri Rama.

The cow-herd leader Shri Rama

In Valmiki Ramayana, the leelas of Bhagavan Shri Rama is mentioned after the age of 12 Years. Other Ramayanas mentions the childhood pastimes of Bhagavan Shri Rama as a Gopa balak (the cow herd leader) in villages on the bank of Sarayu river where he does Rasa dance with Gopis.

When Bhagavan Shri Rama appears as Shri Krishna, then Ashoka Vana of Ayodhya manifests itself as Vrindavana, in fact Bhagavan Shri Rama did Rasa leela in Vrindavana also during Treta Yuga. This story is narrated how Bhagavan Shri Rama did Rasa leela in Vrindavana in Treta Yuga in Vrihat koshal Khanda, Brahm Ramayana (for more refer http://lordrama.co.in/how-many-ramayanas.html). This is also indicated by Lord BrahmA when He prays to Shri Rama in Adhyatm Ramayana, Brahmaa tells, Oh Rama You are worshiped in Vrindavana by Gopis —

को वा ज्ञातुं त्वामतिमानं गतमानं
मानासक्तो माधवशक्तो मुनिमान्यम् । वृन्दारण्ये वन्दितवृन्दाकरवृन्दम्
वन्दे रामं भवमुखवन्द्यं सुखकन्दम् ॥

kō vā jñātuṃ tvāmatimānaṃ gatamānaṃ
mānāsaktō mādhavaśaktō munimānyam ।
vṛndāraṇyē vanditavṛndākaravṛndam
vandē rāmaṃ bhavamukhavandyaṃ sukhakandam ॥

O Lord ! You are beyond the present, the visible, and the proofs derived from them. [In that case] which worldly creature can try to or completely understand You [or reason You out]? You are without second, without any comparison, and revered unquestionably by the best of philosophers. I bow to Śrī Rām, Who is glorified and worshiped by Lord Shiva, Who is cloud of happiness, and who is revered by Gop-Gopis of Vrindavana (It also indicates Shri Rama will be cow-herd leader Krishna in Vrindavana during Dvapara Yuga). [ Adhyatm Ramayana, BrahmA's prayer to Shri Rama]

Shri Rama is expert in the Rasa dance, He delights the hearts of his devotees and Sakhis & Gopis in the 12 forests on the bank of river Sarayu and takes delight also in those devotees, therefore He is called Rama. He is foremost bliss, so he is called Rama.

Similarly, Bhagavan Shri Krishna attracts all, therefore He is called Krishna, He does Rasa leela to delight the hearts of Gopis.

अथ श्रीकृष्णजन्माष्टमीव्रतनिर्णयः

atha Śrī Kṛṣṇa-janmāṣṭamī-vrata-nirṇayaḥ

Now deciding the day for observing Śrī Kṛṣṇa-janmāṣṭamī vrat

Bhagavan Shri Ramananda says in his Śrī Vaiṣṇava-matābja-bhāskara —

भाद्रेऽसितेनिशीथेऽथ रोहिण्यामष्टमीतिथौ ।
सिंहमर्के गते सौम्ये कृष्णो जातो विधूयते ॥
(श्री वैष्णवमताब्जभास्कर ४.२८)

bhādrē'sitēniśīthē'tha rōhiṇyāmaṣṭamītithau ।
siṃhamarkē gatē saumyē kṛṣṇō jātō vidhūyatē ॥
(Śrī Vaiṣṇava-matābja-bhāskara 4.34)

When there was sun In Simha Rashi (leo zodiac), then in the Rohini-Nakshatra in the mid-night of ashtami tithi (8th day) of the Krishna paksha (dark phase) of Bhādra month, when moon was risen, Śrī Kṛṣṇa had appeared.

(One can see this same in Varah Samhita, what is said by Bhagavan Ramananda

वराहसंहितायामपि —
“सिंहेऽर्के रोहिणीयक्ता नभःकृष्णाष्टमी यदि ।
रात्र्यर्द्धपूर्बापरगा जयन्ती कलयापि चेति ॥” )

That is called Shri Krishna Janmashtami, in that one should observe Vrata (fasting) and Utasava (celebration) of the appearance of Śhri Krishna with all Vidhis.

त्याजाष्टमी चेदथ वाजिविद्धा तथाग्निविद्धं विधिभं च हेयम् ।
चेदष्टमी नो विधिभेन युक्ता महात्मभिर्विष्णुपरायणैस्तैः॥
(श्री वैष्णवमताब्जभास्कर ४.२९)

tyājāṣṭamī cēdatha vājividdhā tathāgnividdhaṃ vidhibhaṃ ca hēyam ।
cēdaṣṭamī nō vidhibhēna yuktā mahātmabhirviṣṇuparāyaṇaistaiḥ ॥
(Śrī Vaiṣṇava-matābja-bhāskara 4.29)

If Ashtami (8th day) is mixed with Saptami (7th day), and if Rohini Nakshatra whose deity is Brahmaa is mixed with Kritika Nakshatra whose deity is Agni, then on that day Shri Krishna Janmashtami Vrata should not be observed by Mahatmas who are devoted to Shri Vishnu.

वशिष्ठसंहितायाम् —
“अष्टमी रोहिणीयुक्ता निश्यर्द्धे दृश्यतेयदि ।
मुख्यकाल इति ख्यातस्तत्र जातोहरिः स्वयमिति ॥”

In Vashishth Samhita, it is said — If the mid night of Ashtami is seen with Rohini Nakshatra, then it is the prime time renowned when Shri Hari himself (Bhagavan Shri Krishna) appeared.

विद्धा जयन्ती यदि सप्तमीयुता शुद्धा तथा सा नवमीयुता यदि ।
विद्धाऽथ वेद्याग्नियुता हि रोहिणी ज्ञेया तु शुद्धा यदि सा परावन्विता॥
(श्री वैष्णवमताब्जभास्कर ४.३०)

viddhā jayantī yadi saptamīyutā śuddhā tathā sā navamīyutā yadi ।
viddhā'tha vēdyāgniyutā hi rōhiṇī jñēyā tu śuddhā yadi sā parāvanvitā॥
(Śrī Vaiṣṇava-matābja-bhāskara 4.30)

If Jayanti* (Janmashtami with Rohini Nakshatra in the mid night is called Shri Krishna Jayanti) is mixed with Saptami (7th day) and if Rohini Nakshatra is mixed with Kritika Nakshatra, then it is called Viddha (which is discarded; Vrata is not observed) and if Janmashtami (8th day) is mixed with Navami (9th day) and if Rohini Nakshatra is mixed with Mrigshira then it is Shuddha (Purest, in which Vrata is observed).

*There are two names of the appearance day of Shri Krishna in accordance of the Yoga during the mid night —

1. Janmashtami — when there is no presence of Rohini Nakshatra at all in the midnight of the Ashtami day, then it is simply called Janmashtami, it is to be done by all.

2. Jayanti — if Janmashtami has even a slight presence of Rohini Nakshatra during midnight, then it is Jayanti, this is purest. As said in Vishnu Rahasya and Vashishth Samhita etc...

विष्णुरहस्ये
“अष्टमी कृष्णपक्षस्य रोहिणीऋक्षसंयुता ।
भवेत् प्रोष्ठपदे मासि जयन्ती नाम सा स्मृता ॥”

वशिष्ठसंहितायाम्
“श्रावणे वा नभस्ये वारोहिणीसहिताऽष्टमी ।
यदा कृष्णा नरैर्लब्धा साजयन्तीति कीर्त्तिता ॥”

Observing Shri Krishna Janmashtami (or Jayanti if there is required pure Yog) Vrata properly with due consideration destroys the sins of millions of births, and bestows all rewards of life and whatever is desired. Yet a devotee should do it with the desire of achieving the bhakti of Ishta deva Bhagavan ShriShri SitaRama or Shri Shri RadhaKrishna.

As there are such factors to be taken into account to observe the Vratas like Janmashtami, Navami, Ekadashi etc, a general devotee may not decide on his own when and how to observe such Vratas, in such cases one should always follow one’s Gurudeva or parampara to observe Vratas and celebrations on the proper day.

ŚrīŚrī SītāRāma-caraṇa-cañcarīk,
SiyāRāghavendra Sharan

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॥ श्रीसीतारामचंद्रार्पणमस्तु ॥