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✿ Śrī Rāma Rahasyam - the enigmatic glory of Śrī Ram ✿

Some people think Vedāvatār Shrimad Vālmiki Rāmāyana is just a plain history of an ideal hero Rama and his princess Sita, however this is superficial understanding, not the ultimate truth. A sage like Valmiki who was always immersed in Brahman had no need to write the life events and biography of a prince However How much great he was. Sage Valmiki composed the RamayaNa to reinforce the import of Veda-s and to glorify the noblest character, supreme valour, heroism, mercy, compassion, beauty, disposition and everything else of supreme personality.

Supreme Brahman Ram

In starting of Valmiki RamayaNa itself, Valmiki puts a full stop on all speculations and says the hero of his epic is not some ordinary mortal, but supreme personality himself appeared in this mortal world.

धर्मात्मनो भगवतो लोके रामस्य धीमतः ||
वृत्तम् कथय धीरस्य यथा ते नारदात् श्रुतम् |
रहस्यम् च प्रकाशम् च यद् वृत्तम् तस्य धीमतः ||
[Valmiki RamayaNa 1.2.32-33]

BrahmA tells Valmiki: O' sage, You shall narrate the legend of Rama, the virtuous, intellectual and an intrepid one, he is Bhagavan (loke bhagavataH = in world, supreme personality himself, not some ordinary mortal) in this world as well , as you have heard it from sage Narada. Of that valorous Rama, every secret revealed or un-revealed so far, will be known to you.

Here भगवतो लोके रामस्य (Bhagavato loke Ramasya) gives a clear description of Ram who is he in reality. Since Ram is supreme personality himself, so BrahmA instructs Valmiki to compose the complete biography of Shri Ram and assures him not a single word of RamayaNa will be untrue.

न ते वाक् अनृता काव्ये काचित् अत्र भविष्यति ||
कुरु राम कथाम् पुण्याम् श्लोक बद्धाम् मनोरमाम् |
[Valmiki RamayaNa 1.2.35b,36a]

O' sage, You shall versify the heart pleasing and merit-yielding legend of Rama, and not a single word of yours will be unfounded in this epic RamayaNa.

In whole Valmiki RamayaNa, not only one but at many places Valmiki described the supremacy of Shri Rama in the manner which can't be seen for any other personality. Rama is the Aadi-Purusa of Vedas, he is second to none in Paurusham/supremacy (supremacy, heroism, the prime character of Purusa). It means however there are many forms of lord which are manifestations of Purusa (supreme personality), still no is equal or superior to Shri Ram!

In begining there was Brahman Rama only (one fold way existence), he divided his self in husband (Rama) and wife (Sita) - the two fold way manifestation also known as Yugal Brahman. Thus Brahman exists in one fold way (as Rama) , 2 fold way (Sita and Rama [this Yugal-Brahman is our goal for Rasa/bliss), 3 fold way (Karya-Brahman, KaraNa Brahman and beyond previous two i.e. Karya-Karantah Param Shri Rama who is lord of Paravyom Ayodhya), 4 fold way (Shri Rama/Vasudeva, Lakshman/Sankarshana, Bharata/Pradyumna, Shatrughna/Aniruddha - VishNu Dharmottara PuraNa), 5 fold way (Rama, Lakshman, Bharat, Shatrughna and Hanuman), and so on thousand fold ways and infinite fold (whole universe + infinite Jeevas) ... It is just to amuse himself, he manifests himself differently. Though Ram is one, he assumes different forms to amuse himself. When Rama appears in this mortal world, scriptures say - Ram himself appeared or bhagavān sākṣād brahmamayo hariḥ (Swayam Bhagavan Brahman[supreme absolute truth]) himself appeared. It means Shri Ram is the direct and complete manifestation of supreme absolute truth (Bhagavan or Brahman Rama), not the manifestation of any other personality like VishNu or NarayaNa etc.

राम एव परं ब्रह्म तत्त्वं श्रीरामो ब्रह्म तारकम्

Śrī Rām is ParamBrahman as well as Tārak Brahman

Once Great sages Mudgala, Sandilya, Paingala, Bikshu, Sanaka, great Vaishnava devotees Prahlada and others approached Lord Hanuman, to know the greatest principle (the essence) enshrined among all 4 Vedas, and other Vedic scriptures. What is the essence of all Knowledge? [ Rāmrahsya Upanishada 1.1-4]

Then Hanumān said to them:

भो योगीन्द्राश्चैव ऋषयो विष्णुभक्तास्तथैव च |
श्रुणुध्वं मामकीं वाचं भवबन्धविनाशिनीम् ||4||
एतेषु चैव सर्वेषु तत्त्वं च ब्रह्म तारकम् |
राम एव परं ब्रह्म तत्त्वं श्रीरामो ब्रह्म तारकम् ||5||
[रामरहस्योपनिषत् 1/4-5]

O' Best among Yogis, great ascetics, great sages, and great Vaishnava devotee Prahlada, please listen my words carefully which cuts all attachments; The greatest principle (the supreme essence) among not only all these (एतेषु means all 4 Vedas, all knowledge etc) but in everything else also (च सर्वेषु ) is Brahm Tarakam (ब्रह्म तारकम् ) . Śrī Rām is Parambrahman as well as Tarak Brahman. [ Rāmrahsya Upanishada 1.4-5]

(श्री राम हीं परम ब्रह्म हैं और श्री राम हीं तारक ब्रह्म हैं | सभी वेदों में , १८ पुराणों में , १८ स्मृतियों में और सभी विद्याओं में श्री राम हीं परम तत्त्व, तारक ब्रह्म, परम ब्रह्म हैं| )

They all again asked Lord Hanumān,"Please tell us the Angas (aspects and parts) of Lord Śrī Rām.”

Then Lord Hanumān said to them:

वायुपुत्रं विघ्नेशं वाणीं दुर्गां
क्षेत्रपालकं सूर्यं चन्द्रं नारायणं नारसिंहं
वासुदेवं वाराहं तत्सर्वान्त्समात्रान्त्सीतं लक्ष्मणं
शत्रुघ्नं भरतं विभीषणं सुग्रीवमङ्गदं
जाम्बवन्तं प्रणवमेतानि रामस्याङ्गानि जानीथाः |
[रामरहस्योपनिषत् 1/7]

Lord Hanuman told, “Please understand that Myself (Hanuman - the son of wind god, Vayu-Putra वायुपुत्रं ), Lord Ganesha, Goddess Saraswati, Goddess Durga, all the Kshetra Palaka-s, Sun, Moon, Lord Narayana ( नारायणं), Lord Narsimham ( नारसिंहं half lion-half man incarnation), Lord Vasudeva, Lord Varaha ( वाराहं), etc all are Angam (parts) of Lord Śrī Rām. Hanuman, Lakshmana, Shatrughna, Bharata, Vibheeshana, Sugreeva, Angada, Jambavanta and Pranava (ॐ) are the Angas (Angams/Amsham/parts) of Lord Śrī Rām. [ Rāmrahsya Upanishada 1.7]

Thus Hanuman is an inseparable part of Ram in his five fold existence.

Tulsidasa who is incarnation of Valmiki (-Bhavishyottar Purana), says same thing in Shri Ramcharitmanas, that Shri Ram is like billions of Lord Vishnu, infinite billions of Maa Durga and billions of lord Shiva.

Pyaare Rajkumar Ji

रामु काम सत कोटि सुभग तन | दुर्गा कोटि अमित अरि मर्दन ||
सक्र कोटि सत सरिस बिलासा | नभ सत कोटि अमित अवकासा ||
[RCM 7.90.4]

भावार्थ:-श्री रामजी का अरबों कामदेवों के समान सुंदर शरीर है। वे अनंत कोटि दुर्गाओं के समान शत्रुनाशक हैं। अरबों इंद्रों के समान उनका विलास (ऐश्वर्य) है। अरबों आकाशों के समान उनमें अनंत अवकाश (स्थान) है |

Shri RaŒm’'s body possesses the charm of a myriad Cupids. He is as inexorable in crushing the enemy as countless millions of DurgŒa-s. He enjoys the luxury of a myriad Indra-s and is immeasurable in expanse as a myriad firmaments.

सारद कोटि अमित चतुराई | बिधि सत कोटि सृष्टि निपुनाई ||
बिष्नु कोटि सम पालन कर्ता | रुद्र कोटि सत सम संहर्ता ||
[RCM 7.91.3]

भावार्थ:- उनमें अनंतकोटि सरस्वतियों के समान चतुरता है। अरबों ब्रह्माओं के समान सृष्टि रचना की निपुणता है। वे करोड़ों विष्णुओं के समान पालन करने वाले और अरबों रुद्रों के समान संहार करने वाले हैं |

He is as sharp as countless millions of Saraswatis-s and possesses the creative skill of a myriad Brahma-Œs. Again, He is as good a preserver as billions of Vishnu-s and as thorough a destroyer as billions of Rudras.

निरुपम न उपमा आन राम समान रामु निगम कहै |
जिमि कोटि सत खद्योत सम रबि कहत अति लघुता लहै॥
[RCM 7.91.5]

भावार्थ:-श्री रामजी उपमारहित हैं, उनकी कोई दूसरी उपमा है ही नहीं। श्री राम के समान श्री राम ही हैं, ऐसा वेद कहते हैं। जैसे अरबों जुगनुओं के समान कहने से सूर्य। (प्रशंसा को नहीं वरन) अत्यंत लघुता को ही प्राप्त होता है (सूर्य की निंदा ही होती है) |

Incomparable as He is, He has no compeer. Shri RaŒm alone is Shri RaŒm'’s peer— - so declare the Vedas - —even as the sun really suffers diminution by being likened to a myriad glow-worms.

Ram showing cosmic universal form

In scriptures, it is told Ram shown cosmic universal form to his mother Kaushalya, his devotee Kak-Bhusundi (in Ramacharitmanas and other RamayaNa Samhitas) and Parashurama (in Mahabharata).

महाभारत, वनपर्व- अध्याय-99
ऋचीकनन्दनो रामो भार्गवो रेणुकासुतः ।
तस्य दाशरथेः श्रुत्वा रामस्याक्लिष्टकर्मणः ।।४२।।

Heard of the glory and extraordinary legendary exploits of Śrī Rām, Once RenukāNandan ParashuRāma borned in the lineage of sage Richika and sage Bhrigu, became very much eager to see Śrī Rām who is unwearied in action.. [42]

Then Parshuram came Ayodhya with the divine Bow (Bow of Visnu) which was used by him to kill many Kshatariya-s in past.[Mahabharata Van-Parv 99.43]

Actually, Parshurām was incarnation of Vishnu and he was willing to see the all attractive Śrī Rām. Parashurām was also willing to test the extraordinary valour of Shri Ram.

So he talked with Śrī Rām in some offensive manner and said this to Shri Ram if you have strength and valour then take aim with an arrow on the bow of Visnu brought by me. This way, I can test your extraordinary strength and valour and then after we can have combative duel.

Shri Ram thought let him see my real nature first as being a sage he is my devotee but unaware of my real nature and then after I will show my strength and valour to him. So Lord Ram said to Parashuram:

महाभारत, वनपर्व- अध्याय-99 continued..

पश्य माम् स्वेन रुपेण चक्षुस्ते वितराम्यहम् ।
ततो रामशरीरे वै रामः पश्यति भार्गवः ।।५६।।
आदित्यान् सवसून् रुद्रान सांध्यांश्च समरुद्गणान् ।
पितरो हुतानशनश्चैव नक्षात्राणि ग्रहास्तथा ।।५७।।
गन्धर्वा राक्षसा यक्षा नद्यस्तीर्थानि यानि च ।
ऋषयो बालखिल्याश्च ब्रह्मभूताः सनातनाः ।।५८।।
देवर्षयश्च कात्स्नर्येन समुद्राः पर्वतास्तथा ।
वेदाश्च सोपनिषदो वषट्कारैः सहाध्वरैः ।।५९।।
चेतोवन्ति च सामानि धनुर्वेदश्च भारत ।
मेघवृन्दानि वर्षाणि विद्युतश्च युधिष्ठिर ।।६०।।

Shri Ram said - "O' ParshurAma, I am giving you divine sight through which you can see me in reality who am I (my real form)". Then, In body of Shri Ram, ParshurAma saw all twelve Aaditya-s, all eleven Rudra-s, all eight Vasu-s, all demi-gods (Sadhya-Devta-s), all fourty nine Maruta-s, Pitar-deva-s, Agni-Dev, stars, planets, Gandharva-s, Yaksha-s, rivers, Tirthas etc. He saw everything in body of Shri Ram whatever (यानि च) is there in whole cosmos. ParshurAma saw divine sages, Brahmbhuta-s Sanatan young Rishi-s, all oceans, all mountains, all Vedas along with Upanishadas, Saam Veda and Dhanur-Veda, Vashatkar ( वषट्कार), etc. [Mahabharat Van-Parva 99.56-59]

ParshurAma saw all these things as if all those have become alive in body of Shri Ram in front of him.

Sage Lomasha who was narrating this episode to Yuddhisthira said to him: O' Yuddhisthir, ParshurAma saw everything like terrific group of roaring clouds, thunderstorms, and lightnings and everything else in the body of Shri Ram through the divine sight given by Shri Ram himself. [Mahabharat Van-Parva 99.60]

After showing his cosmic form, Shri Ram fired the arrow by taking aim with the bow of Visnu. Whole world became full of terrific thunderstorms and lightnings in sky, in spite of no clouds were there. Frequent shock waves orginated all where and took the form of frequent earthquakes. Sky became full of many types of terrific thunderings and roaring of clouds.

Supreme Brahman Ram

स भार्गवरामं विह्वलं कृत्वा तेजश्चाक्षिप्य केवलम् ।
आगच्छज्जवलितो बाणो रामबाहुप्रचोदितम् ।।६३।।

That arrow fired from the arms of Śrī Rām, extremely agonized ParashurAma and returned back to Śrī Rām after reducing the divine (Vaishanvi) spendour/vigour (तेज ) of ParshurAma.[Mahabharata Van-Parva 99.63]

This amazing event is not just the handing over or taking over of the divine bow of Vishnu, but Ram secretly took out the Vishnu-tej present in ParshurAma, As Shri Ram being the original personality of godhead, the most superior, None of Vishnu-Tattva can stand against him.

In Nrisimha Puraana:

tataH parashu raamasya dehaat nirgatasya vaiShNavam | pashyataam sarva devaanaam tejo raamam upaavishat ||

Meaning: Then from the body of ParshurAma, the divine Vaishnavi-splendour came out and mingled into splendour of Shri Ram. ParshurAma saw the splendour of all deities present in Shri Ram.

Further from MBH

स तु विह्वलतां गत्वा प्रतिलभ्य च चेतनाम् ।
रामः प्रत्यागतप्राणः प्राणमद् विष्णुतेजसम् ।।६४।।
विष्णुना सोऽभ्यनुज्ञातो महेन्द्रमगमत् पुनः ।
भीतस्तु तत्र न्यवसद् व्रीडितस्तु महातपाः ।।६५।।

Being excessively agnoized from lord Rama's arrow, ParshurAma became unconscious. After sometime he regain his consciousness as like he became alive after death. [64]

Then ParshurAma made salutation to Śrī Rām who has taken his Vishnu-Teja. After then taking permission from Shri Ram who is himself Vishnu, ParshurAma returned back to Mahendra-Parvat from where he had come. Fearful and rendered vigourless, ParashurAma started penance there. [Mahabharata Van-Parva 99.65]

In Valmiki RamayaNa also, Parashuram was rendered without Vaishnavi-splendour by Lord Śrī Rām. Before going to Mahendra-Parvat, Parashuram eulogized Śrī Rām as the god of gods, the supreme being.

अक्षय्यम् मधु हन्तारम् जानामि त्वाम् सुरेश्वरम् |
धनुषो अस्य परामर्शात् स्वस्ति ते अस्तु परंतप ||
[Valmiki RamayaNa 1.76.17]

ParashurAma said to Śrī Rām: I have realized your touch of nature as that of the Immutable Supreme Being, God of Gods, the Exterminator of the demon Madhu, namely Vishnu, by the touch of your handling that bow... oh, enemy-inflamer, blessedness alone betides you...

न च इयम् तव काकुत्स्थ व्रीडा भवितुम् अर्हति |
त्वया त्रैलोक्य नाथेन यत् अहम् विमुखी कृतः ||
[Valmiki RamayaNa 1.76.19]

Oh, Kakutstha Śrī Rām, you are the lord of the triad of worlds, such as you are, you faced me down, and Therefore I am not feeling ashamed after being defeated by you.

Hymn sung in praise of Shri Rama by Parashu-Rama in Padma PuraaNa

:

परशुराम उवाच-
राम राम महाबाहोन वेदिमत्वंसनातनम् |
जानाम्यद्यैव काकुत्स्थ तव वीर्यगुणादिभि :||

Parashurama says -
O' Shri Rama, O' Shri Rama, O great armed lord, I realised now your true nature of being eternal god, O Kakutstha Rama, I have now realised your auspicious qualities and your supreme valour!

त्वं आदि पुरुष: साक्षात् परमब्रह्म परोऽव्ययः |
त्वं अनंतो महाविष्णु: वासुदेवः परात्परः ||

O' Shri Rama, O' Shri Rama, You are the primeval god of universe, You are Parambrahman ITSELF, You are the supreme imperishable element of the cosmos! O' Rama, You are infinite, You are Maha-VishNu himself, You are Paratpar Vasudeva! You are even higher than the highest!

..... there is a long hymn by Bhagavan Parashu-Rama in revealing the true nature of Rama, the original personality of godhead.

More about enigmatic glory of Shri Ram will be revealed and updated in near future.....Keep visiting. Jai Shri SitaRam!

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॥ श्रीसीतारामचंद्रार्पणमस्तु ॥