Shri Kanak Bihari-BihariNi Ju
श्री कनक बिहारी बिहारिणी जू
1. Āpadāmapahartāraṃ dātārāṃ sarvasampadām।
lōkābhirāmaṃ śrīrāmaṃ bhūyō-bhūyō nāmāmyaham॥1॥
लोकाभिरामं श्रीरामं भूयो-भूयो नामाम्यहम्॥१॥)
Who removes all types of adversity and agony of Jiva (living beings); Who bestows all types of favour, honour and wealth;
By looking at whom, the world feel very pleased; to that Shri Rama, I bow again and again.
2. Rāmāya rāmabhadrāya rāmacandrāya vēdhasē।
raghunāthāya nāthāya sītāyāḥ patayē namaḥ॥2॥
रघुनाथाय नाथाय सीतायाः पतये नमः॥२॥ )
My salutations to Lord Rama; To Shri Ramabadhra, To Shri Ramachandra, To the lord of Vedas,
To the chief of Raghu clan, To the lord of all the worlds, And to the Lord of Sitā.
3. Neelāmbujaśyāmalakōmalāṅgaṃ sītāsamārōpitavāmabhāgama।
pāṇau mahāsāyakacārūcāpaṃ namāmi rāmaṃ raghuvaṃśanāthama॥3॥
पाणौ महासायकचारूचापं नमामि रामं रघुवंशनाथम॥३॥ )
Who has complexion and softness like that of a blue lotus, whose body parts are very soft; On whose left side resides his dear consort Sita;
Who has a divine arrow and a beautiful bow in His hands, I pray to that Shri Rama who is the Lord of Raghu dynasty.
Above three shlokas (verses) should be recited every morning as regular prayer to Shri Rama before chanting the Guru-Mantra. The first Mantra is infallible Mantra in removing all kinds of sufferings of Jiva and bestows the grace of all merciful Lord Rama, the most superior. The second Mantra is one of the greatest Mantra-s of Lord Rama. The 2nd one can be repeated as many times a devotee want with pleased mind. 3rd Mantra is Dhyan Mantra i.e. meditation Mantra on all attractive form of Lord Rama. During chanting this mantra, one should meditate on Lord Rama as described in the Mantra. This Mantra has a very deep meaning too. It represents whole Ramayana in one single verse.
How does it reflect the entire Ramayana?
Neelāmbuja Shyāmal Komalāngam : The blue lotus like soft body parts are of child Rama, thus it is the description of the Baal-Leela (child-sports) of Lord Rama.
Sītā Samāropita vāma Bhāgam : By sages, Sita was given seat on the left Side of Lord Rama during their marriage, it is the description of the Vivah-Leela (marriage-pastimes) of Lord Rama.
Pānau Mahāsāyak Chāru chāpam : By taking arrows and beautiful bow in his hands, Lord Rama slayed all the evil demons, It is the description of heroic exploits of Lord Rama in war i.e. Rann Leela.
Namāmi Rāmam Raghuvansh Nātham : After killing Ravana, the coronation (पत्ताभिषेकं) of Lord Rama was done on the throne of Ayodhya, then Lord Shiva, Lord Brahma and all deities made salutations in the lotus feet of Lord Rama. Thus, it is the description of Lord Rama's Rajya-Leela (supreme lordship). It unveils also how Lord Rama becomes the delight of all the worlds. Whole world became the world of Lord Rama and Rama alone.
After the Guru-Mantra or Ram Naam chanting, one should chant Dvaya-Mantra (द्वय-मन्त्र) of Bhagavan Shri Ram at least nine times.
why to pray Lord Rama?
Why to take the refuge of Lord Rama, alone?
Such questions may arise in the minds of beginners who want to learn the science of the supreme one, Lord Rama. Why should one pray to Lord Rama? Why should one take the refuge of Lord Rama, alone? Answers of these questions are really not based upon some emotional appeals but verily based upon clear declarations and philosophy of all Vedic-scriptures. A seer in Rig Veda declares so clearly:-
हे अमृत के पुत्रों (सभी मनुष्य)! सुनों!
Hear, ye children of immortal bliss!
यु॒जे वां॒ ब्रह्म॑ पू॒र्व्यं नमो॑भि॒र्वि श्लोक॑ एतु प॒थ्ये॑व सू॒रेः।
शृ॒ण्वन्तु॒ विश्वे॑ अ॒मृत॑स्य पु॒त्रा आ ये धामा॑नि दि॒व्यानि॑ त॒स्थुः॥
[ऋग्वेद १०.०१३.०१ , श्वेताश्वतरोपनिषद २.५]
yu॒jē vāṃ॒ brahma॑ pū॒rvyaṃ namō॑bhi॒rvi ślōka॑ ētu pa॒thyē॑va sū॒rēḥ।
śṛ॒ṇvantu॒ viśvē॑ a॒mṛta॑sya pu॒trā ā yē dhāmā॑ni di॒vyāni॑ ta॒sthuḥ॥
[ṛgvēda 10.013.01, śvētāśvatarōpaniṣada 2.5]
भावार्थ : मैं अपने मन और वाणी को ब्रह्म से युक्त करता हूँ, मेरा यह श्लोक सूर्य के किरणों की भांति सर्वत्र जाए। हे अमृत के पुत्रों (सभी मनुष्य)! सुनों! हे दिव्यधामों के वासी देवगण! तुम भी सुनों!
Translation : I unite myself with the eternal Brahman, who is the supreme source of everything (Vaak, and Mantras). Let my verse (prayer) go forth like the path of the sun. Hear, ye children of immortal bliss (all humans), even ye who dwell in higher spheres (devas)!
वेदाहमेतं पुरुषं महान्तमादित्यवर्णन्तमसः परस्तात्।
तमेव विदित्वातिमृत्युमेति नान्यः पन्था विद्यतेऽयनाय॥
[यजुर्वेद ३१.१८ , श्वेताश्वतरोपनिषद ३.८]
vēdāhamētaṃ puruṣaṃ mahāntamādityavarṇantamasaḥ parastāt ।
tamēva viditvātimṛtyumēti nānyaḥ panthā vidyatē'yanāya॥
[yajurvēda 31.18 , śvētāśvatarōpaniṣada 3.8]
भावार्थ : मैंने उस अनादि परम-पुरुष को प्राप्त कर लिया है, वह समस्त अज्ञान-अन्धकार और माया से परे ज्योतिमय स्वरुप है। केवल उस महान पुरुष (पुरुषं-महान्तम्) को जानकर ही तुम जन्म-मृत्यु के चक्र से छूट सकते हो । दूसरा कोई पथ नहीं है!
Translation : I have realised the Purusham-Mahantam (the Supreme Personality) who shines effulgent like the sun beyond all darkness. Only by knowing Him does one pass over death. There is no other way of escape from the circle of births and deaths.
Veda-s clearly instruct us to pray and love one supreme personality, and that Mahantam Purusha of Vedas is none other than Lord Rama. Let's have some light on what vedic scriptures and VedAvatAr ShrI-mad VAlmIki-RAmAyana answer on above questions:-
Lord Rama is the only one fit to be taken shelter of for all the worlds. Yes, it is very much true and approved by Godly sage Brahmarshi Valmiki through the mouth of Maharaj VibheeshaNa in Yuddha Kaand of Shri-Mad Valmiki Ramayana.
Sri Hanuman (at Shri Rama's feet) supporting Vibishana and suggesting
Sri Rama that Vibishana is truly for Dharma! (Want to build one grand
magnificent temple with intricate carvings for generations to come!)
sarva loka sharaNyaaya vibhiiSaNam upasthitam ॥
(निवेदयत मां क्षिप्रं राघवाय महात्मने ।
सर्वलोकशरण्याय विभीषणमुपस्थितम् ॥ )
[Valmiki Ramayana 6.17.17]
Please inform immediately to high souled Rama, who is the only one fit to be taken shelter of for all the worlds. So I have come to him (to take his refuge).
Lord Rama, alone is the ultimate refuge for one and all, whether one is a god or a demon, a human being (a man, a woman or a child) or a creature other than human-being such as a beast or bird, or one belonging to differnt social status such as poor or rich etc.
aartaanaam sa.mshrayaH caiva yashasaH ca eka bhaajanam ।
(निवासवृक्षः साधूनामापन्नानां परा गतिः।
आर्तानां संश्रयश्चैव यशसश्चैकभाजनम्।। )
[Valmiki Ramayana 4.15.19]
( साधूनाम् to the virtuous people, निवासवृक्षः a sheltering tree, आपन्नानाम् to the destitutes, परा ultimate / supreme, गतिः refuge, आर्तानाम् to the distressed, संश्रयश्चैव protector, यशसः fame, एकभाजनम् sole repository. )
Lord Rama is like a sheltering tree to the virtuous, an ultimate (supreme) refuge for the destitutes and a protector of the distressed. He is the only personality who deserves to be famous.
So who else apart from Lord Rama is suitable to be taken as ultimate refuge for Jiva-s?
Lord Rama is Ishta-Deva of all deities including Lord Shiva, Lord Hanuman, Lord Ganesha, Lord Brahma, Lord Krishna etc. Proof from the self sufficient authority (Pramana), Shri Valmiki Ramayana:- इष्ट: सर्वस्य लोकस्य राम: (IshTa Sarvasya Lokasya Ramah)- means Lord Rama is the IshTa-Deva of all the worlds. Lord Shiva, Lord Ganesha, Lord Hanuman, etc have become the worthy of worship by chanting 'Rama' Naam alone.
All the deities reside in Lord Rama as Lord Rama is Sarva-Devamayam which means Shri Rama is the origin of all the deities (demi-gods and Vishnu-Tattva-s).
It means "All the deities reside in Śrī Rāma or Śrī Rāma is the original root of everyone . Śrī Rāma destroys all type of agonies of his devotees."
Therefore, it is sufficient to serve lord Rama, the original cause of all the causes, the origin of one and all, the original root which supports all. The leaves and branches of a tree which gets support and nourishment from the root, similarly Lord Rama is the root (origin) and support of the entire creation. There is none who has independent existence beyond Lord Rama. When one will worship the god of gods, Lord Rama, then everyone else will be satisfied. All the deities are pleased, when one takes refuge into the lotus feet of Lord Rama. Even the god of death fears from lord Rama, no one in whole world, not even Brahma-Vishnu-Mahesha can do any harm to the devotee of Lord Rama. So it is said "give respect to everyone (all deities) but love one (Lord Rama alone)".
रामात् नास्ति परोदेवो रामात् नास्ति परंव्रतम् ।
न हि रामात् परोयोगो न हि रामात् परोमखः ।।
(- श्रीपद्मपुराण , पातालखण्ड ३५।५१)
No God is superior than Lord Rama; No penance has greater fruit than Lord Rama (the penance which is done for Lord Rama); no Yoga exists beyond Lord Rama (means Param-Yoga is to get the nearness of Lord Rama only); No sacrifice (Yajna) is greater than (that Yajna which is done for Lord Rama) Shri Rama. [...so said by - Padma Purāna 5.35.51]
Therefore, it is any time better to be devotee of Lord Rama, and praying and worshiping the most superior Bhagavan Shri Rama.
How can one take refuge of Lord Rama?
How can one become his devotee?
It is very simple to take refuge of Lord Rama. One doesn't need to abandon his (her) righteous duties towards family or world, instead one has to establish a relation or loving-bond with Lord Rama.(How?)
Just say : "O' Lord Rama, I am Yours", only by this much one can take refuge into lotus feet of Lord Rama, one can become devotee of Lord Rama, and Lord Rama will be of that person. Then, there would be no fear of anything as soon Rama become Yours. This is also solemn pledge of Lord Rama in Shri Valmiki Ramayana.
abhayam sarvabhUtebhyo dadAmyetat vratam mama ।
(सकृद् एव प्रपन्नाय तव अस्मि इति च याचते ॥
अभयम् सर्व भूतेभ्यो ददामि एतद् व्रतम् मम । )
[Valmiki Ramayana 6.18.33B-34A]
He who seeks refuge in me just once, telling me that "I am yours", I give him Abhayam (fearlessness, assurance of safety) against all types of beings (including myself). This is my solemn pledge".
Above verse is also known as Charama Shloka of Valmiki Ramayana. Once Jiva takes the shelter of the most superior Lord Rama, he has no need to worry about anything as Lord Rama has taken vow to protect him from all kind of fears.
There are many deep imports of this charama Shloka of Valmiki Ramayana. It is also the essence of Vedas, Ramayana, and Gita. Lord says He will bestow 'Abhayam', in Sanskrut 'Abhayam' has many meanings e.g. fearlessness, supreme protection in all conditions, and Abhaya-Padam (the liberation, the supreme abode). Abhayama is explained as Mukti (liberation) as only in Abhay-Padam (after liberation, in supreme abode) a Jiva has no Bhayam (fear) of the three fold agony of material world or from any other Jiva. Therefore, Shri Rama assures I give him Abhayam i.e. Mukti (supreme liberation) as well as complete fearlessness from all types of beings.
To feel the bliss of being in loving relation with the supreme one, a devotee should recite these SharaNagati Mantra-s at the end of their daily prayer:
Take SharaNagati (refuge) of the Supreme Lord Rama with following two Mantra-s
shrIrAmachandra charaNau shirasA namAmi । shrIrAmachandra charaNau sharaNam prapadye ॥
(श्रीरामचंद्रचरणौ मनसा स्मरामि। श्रीरामचंद्रचरणौ वचसा गृणामि।
श्रीरामचंद्रचरणौ शिरसा नमामि । श्रीरामचंद्रचरणौ शरंणम् प्रपघे॥ )
O' My Lord Shri Rama, I remember your lotus feet in my mind, I praise them by my speech, I bow to them with my head, I take resort in them!
To feel the especial personal relationship with the most superior personality, Lord Rama, say this:
sarvasva me rAmachandro dayAluh । nAnyam jAne naiv jAne na jAne ॥
(माता रामो मत्पिता रामचंद्र: । स्वामी रामो मत्सखा रामचंद्र:।
सर्वस्वं मे रामचंद्रो दयालु:। नान्य्ं जाने नैव जाने न जाने ॥ )
O' My Lord Shri Rama, You are my mother, father, master and friend, indeed the kind-hearted Rama is all I have. I don't have any other relation apart from him, I really don't!
Thus as soon as one says from heart "O, Shri Rama, I am Yours and You are mine", one becomes his devotee at that very instant.
What is the fruit of being devoted to Shri Ram, the supreme personality of Godhead?
When Lord Rama sees a Jiva with his benign look, then nothing more remains to be achieved as his look is supremely gracious and infallible (Amogham) for his devotees.
amoghaaste bhaviShyanti bhaktimanto naraa bhuvi ॥
(अमोघं दर्शनं राम अमोघस्तव संस्तवः ।
अमोघास्ते भविष्यन्ति भक्तिमन्तो नरा भुवि ॥ )
[Valmiki Ramayana 6.117.31]
ye tvaaM devam dhruvaM bhaktaaH puraaNaM puruShottamam ।
praapnuvanti sadaa kaamaaniha loke paatra cha ॥
ये त्वां देवम् ध्रुवं भक्ताः पुराणं पुरुषोत्तमम् ।
प्राप्नुवन्ति सदा कामानिह लोके पात्र च ॥ )
[Valmiki Ramayana 6.117.32]
Lord Brahma says "O' Rama, Your blessed sights on devotees are very powerful and infallible. The songs in praise of you never go invain. Those humans who are full of devotion to you will never be unsuccessful on this earth. Those who are devoted to you, the primeval (the first Lord) and the eternal lord, belonging to ancient times and the Supreme Person, will forever attain their desired objects here as well as hereafter (that even your supreme abode Saket Loka which is full of eternal supreme bliss Brahm-Ananda).
Shri Rama, the most compassionate Lord, who loves and cares most his devotees:
Anything done for Sri Rama never goes in vain. Sri Rama is very kind, and He cares most his devotees, it is evident from his disposition that he even cried for his devotees for example in the case of GiddhaRaj (the king of vultures) JatAyu, LakshmaNa, and Sita etc. The vulture-king Jatayu sacrificed his life in the battle with the demon king Ravana for rescuing the beloved consort of Rama from the evil demon. If a devotee (Jatayu here) sacrificed his life, did the supreme service through his material body, and if lord would have just given him the supreme abode without showing any emotions or grief, wouldn't it be a mere heartless unsympathetic rewarding for his service by supreme lord without acknowledging his pain near to death ? However, Supreme Lord Sri Ram is the only personality who is without any blemish, Shri Ram embraced Jatayu, he took him in his laps, and tears flown from the eyes of supreme Lord! And then Sri Ram bestowed him the supreme abode Vaikuntha after He cremated the bird ritually from his own hands. He bestowed such loving treatment to Jatayu which is extremely rare for others, thus Sri Ram is the personality who reciprocates with his devotees in the best possible way. Lord Sri Rama is pleased even from a small service done towards him.
When Ravana abducted Sita, the vulture king Jatayu who was very old then, with all its' might, fought with the demom king Ravana without caring his own life. JatAyu was a mere old bird, How long could Jatayu match against the demon like Ravana in battle. Still, the brave JatAyu tried and exerted all it's might to rescue Sita, the beloved consort of Rama. In last, RAvana cut the wings of Jatayu, and Jatayu fell down on the earth. Jatayu was about to die. That time Rama and Lakshmana came there looking for Sita. Rama got to know everything from the brave JatAyu who struggled hard to bear his life for some more moments to convey the information to Shri Rama that ten headed demon king Ravana has abduted Your wife. Then, Rama whose eyes were filled with tears for Jatayu, affectionately kept him in his lap with all love. Here, the supreme personality of godhead Rama cried for his devotee, Jatayu!
After some moments, Jatayu could no longer maintain his life and died in the lap of the supreme personality. Shri Rama felt so much for Jatayu because for his sake only Jatayu fought with the demon king Ravana. Thereafter, Shri Rama decided to perform funeral and last ritualistic ceremony for Jatayu. Then, Lord Rama gave boon to the soul of Jatayu to go to the supreme abode which is unparalleled i.e. the supreme abode of godhead, Vaikuntha! These are the words of blessing, Shri Rama said to the soul of JatAyu in Valmiki Ramayana:
"O King of vultures, by me cremated ritually and by me aptly consented to, you depart to the unexcelled heavenly worlds, you depart to those worlds that are destined for the virtuosos of Vedic-rituals who perform yajnas for a long time and to those worlds that are destined for the people who worship the Supreme Brahman by five-fires for a long time, and to those that are destined for un-retreating combatants, and to those worlds that destined for the donors of lands. You go to the planet which is unparallelled (i.e. Maha-Vaikuntha / Saket-loka)".
Shri Rama gave the divine form of 4-handed personality like Lord Vishnu to Jatayu and sent him to the supreme abode of godhead i.e. Maha-Vaikuntha, the world which is unparalleled, and beyond all spiritual worlds.
Is there any such compassionate Lord like Shri Rama who has even cried for his devotees? Certainly not! There is indeed none like Lord Sri Rama!
Sri Rama's lotus feet are the only object always to be meditated (ध्येयं सदा)!
In Bhagavatam says in Kaliyuga one should eulogize and meditate upon Supreme Lord in following way:
ध्येयं सदा परिभवघ्नमभीष्टदोहं तीर्थास्पदं शिवविरिञ्चिनुतं शरण्यम्।
भृत्यार्तिहं प्रणतपाल भवाब्धिपोतं वन्दे महापुरुष ते चरणारविन्दम्॥
त्यक्त्वा सुदुस्त्यजसुरेप्सितराज्यलक्ष्मीं धर्मिष्ठ आर्यवचसा यदगादरण्यम्।
मायामृगं दयितयेप्सितमन्वधावद्वन्दे महापुरुष ते चरणारविन्दम्॥
(श्रीमद भागवत महापुराण ११.५.३३ -३४)
dhyēyaṃ sadā paribhavaghnamabhīṣṭadōhaṃ tīrthāspadaṃ śivaviriñcinutaṃ śaraṇyam।
bhṛtyārtihaṃ praṇatapāla bhavābdhipōtaṃ vandē mahāpuruṣa tē caraṇāravindam॥
tyaktvā sudustyajasurēpsitarājyalakṣmīṃ dharmiṣṭha āryavacasā yadagādaraṇyam।
māyāmṛgaṃ dayitayēpsitamanvadhāvadvandē mahāpuruṣa tē caraṇāravindam॥
(Śrīmad Bhāgavatam 11.5.33-34)
My dear Lord, You are the Mahā-puruṣa, (Who is that Mahā-puruṣa? gets clear from the next verse), the Supreme Personality of Godhead, and I worship Your lotus feet, which are the only object always to be meditated. Those lotus feet destroy the embarrassing conditions of material life and freely award the greatest desire of the soul, the attainment of pure love of Godhead. My dear Lord, Your lotus feet are the shelter of all holy places and of all saintly authorities in the line of devotional service and are honored by powerful demigods like Lord Śiva and Lord Brahmā. My Lord, You are so kind that You willingly protect all those who simply bow down to You with respect, and thus You mercifully relieve all the distress of Your servants. In conclusion, my Lord, Your lotus feet are actually the suitable boat for crossing over the ocean of birth and death, and therefore even Lord Brahmā and Lord Śiva seek shelter at Your lotus feet. [Śrīmad Bhāgavatam 11.5.33]
O Mahā-puruṣa, I worship Your lotus feet. You gave up all the opulence and luxuries of Your Rājya-lakṣmī (of the most divine city Ayodhya, the eternal Puri of Brahman) which is most difficult to renounce for others and is always desired earnestly by even the great personalities and demigods. Being the most faithful follower of the path of religion, You thus left for the forest (araṇyam) in obedience to Your father (King Dashrath). Out of sheer mercifulness You (or those lotus feet) ran after the Māyā-mṛgam Māricha in forest (Dandakāraṇyam), to lovingly fulfill the desire of Your most beloved wife (dayita) Bhagwati Sita! [Śrīmad Bhāgavatam 11.5.34]
हे शरणागतों के रक्षक! हे प्रभो! आप हीं महापुरुष हैं। हे महापुरुष! हम आपके चरणारविन्दों की वन्दना करते हैं, आपके चरण सदा ध्यान करने योग्य हैं, संसार की पराजयों को मिटाने वाले हैं. भक्तों की मनोकामना पूरी करने वाले हैं, तीर्थों के भी तीर्थ हैं। उन्ही चरण-कमलों की शिव, ब्रह्मा आदि सदा नमस्कार करते हुए शरण लेते हैं। आप अपने सेवकों के रक्षक हैं, आपके चरणारविन्द हीं संसार-सागर से पार जाने के लिये जहाज हैं।। श्रीमद भागवत महापुराण ११.५.३३।।
हे महापुरुष! हम आपके चरणों की वंदना करता हूँ, जिस दिव्य-नगरी के परम-सुखों के लिए सभी देवगण लालायित रहते हैं, आपने उस दुस्त्यज (औरों द्वारा न त्यागे जा सकने वाली) परम-वैभवशाली राज्य-लक्ष्मी श्री अयोध्या जी के सुखों का (कितनी आसानी से) त्याग कर दिया!! आपने अपने पिता के वचन (की सत्यता) को रखने के लिए राज्य-लक्ष्मी का त्याग कर वन गमन किया। आप अपनी प्रियतमा श्री सीता जी के एक इच्छा के लिए माया-मृग मारीच के पीछे भागे (आपके वही चरण जो सभी द्वारा सेवित होते हैं, वो वन में माया-मृग के पीछे दौड़ते हैं कितनी आश्चर्य की बात है)!!!।। श्रीमद भागवत महापुराण ११.५.३४।।
1. The lotus feet of Sri Ram is worshiped always by the great gods like Lord Brahmā and Lord Śiva.
2. Sri Ram's lotus feet should be always meditated.
3. Sri Rama is the Mahapurusa, the supreme personality of godhead.
4. His lotus feet are the only bark to cross the ocean of mundane existence.
5. Especially in Kaliyuga everyone should worship and meditate upon the lotus feet of Shri Rama as per Bhagavatam. Jai SiyaRam!
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